Proper use of water through water governance for sustainability
The governance is the formulation that determines who gets water as well as when and how. Good governance ensures that every person has equitable availability of the resource. It is imperative to note that how a society chooses to govern its water resources and services has a significant impact on the livelihood of those who live in the area including wild animals. Access to clean water is a necessity for a healthy society as it helps to deal with waterborne diseases. Furthermore, people cannot live without access to water and thus, proper management of the resource is an effective way of ensuring human sustainability.
Water governance is a delicate process
It involves setting up social, political, economic and administrative systems in place that influence how water will be used and managed. The process involves determining who gets what water, how and when as well as who has the right to control water and water-related services. When it is well done, the formulation ensures equity and efficiency in water allocation and distribution. It also ensures a balanced use of water between the ecosystems and socio-economic activities. The process of governing water does not only involve the formulation of policies but it also includes the establishment of institutions that are tasked with implementing the formulation. However, like Windows 8 VPN setup, the outcomes of the water governance depend on how the stakeholders act in relation to the roles they are assigned.
Investing in the capacities of the institutions tasked with the distribution and management of the resource
If the institutions are not empowered, water and water-related services may fail to reach marginalized and poor groups. To ensure proper governance, there is a need to ensure increased transparency, accountability and participation of all stakeholders. There is also the need to deal with the challenges that affect governance like corruption. Corruption is considered the biggest risk in water governance for development and sustainability.
Corruption in water governance should be addressed as it limits the scope for improving livelihoods. Other factors that affect water governance include poor resource management, bureaucratic inertia, inappropriate institutional arrangements, financial shortages and insufficient human capacity. To deal with these challenges, the institutions governing water and water resources should practice water integrity, which can be achieved through participation, accountability and transparency. The principles should be based on the values of equity, honesty and professionalism.